hot spot 8. the first joint venture project after the opening of the stock ratio: beam auto
on november 29, the great wall-bmw joint venture beam vehicle project was launched in zhangjiagang, jiangsu, one of the pioneers in the global electric vehicle industry, and one of china's innovative and efficient private enterprises. the vacant factory area may create another miracle in the next 15 years. the beam auto project has a total investment of 5.1 billion yuan, a registered capital of 1.7 billion yuan, an annual standard production capacity of 160,000 units, and an estimated 3,000 employees.
beam auto was established by each shareholder with 50% investment, becoming the first touchstone for china's auto market to open its shares. beam automobile is not only the first joint venture vehicle company of great wall motors, but also the bmw group's first electric vehicle joint venture project worldwide. the first model produced by the beam car or a pure electric compact suv with a cruising range of more than 500 kilometers. the pure electric model of the mini will be scheduled in the subsequent production sequence.
three months before the signing of the joint venture agreement between great wall motor and bmw, the development and reform commission issued a decision to liberalize the equity ratio of automotive joint ventures. however, great wall motors and bmw still insisted on a 50:50 shareholding ratio and cooperated with each other in a completely equal manner. whether in production or research and development, both sides took full advantage of their advantages in terms of resources, efficiency and quality to achieve real resources complementary and cooperative win-win. the first product of the beam car will be the independent brand of the joint venture, and the second product will be the mini electric version, which is also the first case in the previous joint venture cases.
beam car is no longer a new model of "joint research and development, chinese manufacturing, and global service" launched on the basis of equality and complementarity between the two sides.
hot spot nine: germany and the united states increase electric vehicle subsidies
2020 has become a key year for the development of new energy vehicles worldwide. before china's fiscal subsidy policy was about to withdraw, germany planned to increase the existing subsidy by 50%.
specifically, the subsidy for pure electric vehicles priced below 40,000 euros was increased from 4,000 euros to 6,000 euros, and the plug-in hybrid models were increased from 3,000 euros to 4,500 euros; the additional 5,000 euros for pure electric vehicles was added. plug-in hybrid models are subsidized at 4,000 euros; the principle of no subsidies for models previously sold for more than 60,000 euros has been cancelled, and the effective period of the subsidy policy has been extended from the end of 2020 to the end of 2025. half of the subsidy amount may be borne by car companies, dealers, etc., while the other half will be borne by the german government.
in addition, the german federal government will invest 3.5 billion euros to expand 50,000 public charging piles. it is expected that 7 to 10 million electric vehicles will be on the road by 2030, and 1 million public charging piles will be built.
at the same time, the us congress is working on tax credits for electric cars. the us house of representatives fundraising committee proposed a discussion draft of the "renewable energy and energy efficiency law" on december 22, intending to make major adjustments to new energy vehicle tax deductions and subsidies.
under the existing tax credit policy, consumers can get a $ 7,500 tax refund on new electric vehicles. after the cumulative sales of car companies reaches 200,000 vehicles, it will decline to us $ 3,750 in the next six months, and then to us $ 1,875 in the next six months, and will no longer enjoy any financial subsidy.
the discussion draft plan is adjusted to: a single car company with a cumulative tax subsidy of $ 7,500 for 0 to 200,000 vehicles; a cumulative tax subsidy of $ 7,000 for 200,000 to 600,000 vehicles, and a gradual decline in subsidies when the cumulative sales volume exceeds 600,000 vehicles; subsidies for second-hand electric vehicles for the first time, with a subsidy of us $ 1,250 for bicycles, and additional subsidies based on battery capacity, totaling no more than us $ 2,500 or 30% of the car price; models with a weight of 14,000 pounds are encouraged to electrify, and car companies can obtain equivalent sales 10% of the price is used as a subsidy, and the upper limit is 100,000 us dollars / vehicle, provided that it is pure electric; others include loans for charging pile infrastructure construction operations, tax deduction for employees, etc.
at the time of the transformation and upgrading of the automotive industry, the chinese government has introduced a series of industrial policies through top-level design to improve the new energy vehicle industry chain and achieve strategic leadership. europe and the united states and other countries have also begun to follow china's early successes.
hot topic 10. "father of lithium battery" wins nobel prize in chemistry
professor john goodinaugh, professor stanley wittingham and professor yoshino akira were awarded the nobel prize in chemistry for their foundational contributions to the invention of lithium batteries. batteries have become the focus of the industry.
john b. goodenough is recognized as the father of lithium batteries. he invented lithium ion rechargeable batteries and lithium cobalt oxide, lithium manganate, lithium iron phosphate anode materials, and discovered goodinoff-kinson. rule for determining the magnetic symbol of a superexchange material. in 1991, sony produced the world's first commercial lithium battery based on gudinav's theory.
this time, sharing the nobel prize in chemistry with goodinaugh also included m. stanley whittingham of binghamton university in the united states, akira yoshino, a researcher at asahi kasei group in japan and a professor at mingjo university ), whitingham is known as the father of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, and akira yoshino used the lithium cobaltate cathode and polyacetylene anode to make the world's first prototype of a rechargeable lithium-ion battery in 1983.
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